Today in History
Listings for Thursday, July 4, 2019.
- 1753 Jean-Pierre-Francois Blanchard, 1st balloon flights.
- 1804 Nathaniel Hawthorne, American author (The Scarlet Letter)
- 1807 Giuseppe Garibaldi, unifier of Italy.
- 1826 Stephen Foster, American composer, "Oh, Susanna"
- 1867 Stephen Mather, organizer of the US National Park Service.
- 1872 Calvin Coolidge, 30th President (1923-1929)
- 1878 George M. Cohan, American songwriter, playwright, producer.
- 1883 Rube Goldberg, made the easy outrageously difficult.
- 1900 Louis Armstrong, "Satchmo"
- 1902 George Murphy
- 1910 Gloria Stuart
- 1911 Mitch Miller
- 1918 Abigail Van Buren
- 1918 Ann Landers
- 1924 Eva Marie Saint
- 1927 Gina Lollobrigida
- 1927 Neil Simon
- 1930 George Steinbrenner
- 1943 Geraldo Rivera
- United States Independence Day
- 1054 Brightest known supernova starts shining, for 23 days.
- 1057 Crab Nebula supernova recorded by Chinese & Japanese astronomers.
- 1776 Future U.S. issues the Declaration of Independence from Britain
- 1802 US Military Academy officially opens at West Point, NY
- 1828 first US passenger railroad started, The Baltimore & Ohio
- 1845 Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond.
- 1862 Lewis Carroll begins inventing "Alice in Wonderland" for his friend Alice Pleasance Liddell during a boating trip.
- 1876 1st public exhibition of electric light in San Francisco.
- 1882 Telegraph Hill Observatory opens.
- 1884 Statue of Liberty is presented to the United States, in Paris.
- 1894 Republic of Hawaii established.
- 1894 Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of the first US autos
- 1903 Pacific Cable (San Francisco, Hawaii, Guam, Phillipines) opens. President Roosevelt sends a message to the Phillipines, then a message around the world in 12 minutes.
- 1933 Work begins on the Oakland Bay Bridge.
- 1946 Philippines gains independence from US
- 1965 Mariner 4 flies past Mars, sends first close-up photos.
- 1967 Freedom of Information Act goes into effect
- 1976 Raid on Entebbe - Israel rescues 229 Air France passengers
That's all for today.